Monthly Archives: September 2016
Lights are notorious for attracting bugs. The level of attraction varies, depending on the color of the light, the color temperature rating of the bulb and the type of insects in the area. Keeping bugs away from entrances requires the observation of strategic practices that discourages tiny pests from loitering around entry points.
Read on to understand why bugs are attracted to specific light colors and which lighting configurations are most effective in keeping bugs away from entrances.
Bugs and Light Attraction
Before diving into light colors, it is important to first understand why bugs are attracted to light. Insects primarily use light from the sun and moon for navigation. Other bugs are sensitive to specific spectrums of light while hunting for food. Furthermore, some insects, like fireflies, use light for mating signals. When it comes to using light as a navigational aid, insects are known for using natural light as reference points. For example, moths rely on moonlight for guidance and are prone to flying at a specific angle in relation to the moon’s light rays. This allows the insect to fly in a fixed path with minimal effort.
The introduction of artificial lighting has disrupted such natural occurrences and characteristics of bugs. Taking moths again as an example, if it encounters a nearby fixture, the insect will use it as a reference- because it appears brighter than the moon (the bug’s original reference). It is crucial to note that insects aren’t actually trying to fly to the moon. The act of moving towards light is an innate characteristic in bugs that allows it fly in a generally straight course.
Light Colors and Wavelengths
Bugs are naturally engaged by specific wavelengths of light and colors. As a rule of thumb, the higher the wavelength, the less likely insects are able to see the color, resulting in less attraction. Light colors in the high end of the light spectrum includes yellow- 570 nm, orange- 597 nm, and red- 650 nm (note: this is why manufacturers designed “bug” lights with yellow bulbs). On the low end of the light spectrum, one will find blue- 475 nm, violet- 445 nm, and UV- 350 nm. Bug zappers utilize blue and UV light, because the wavelengths are very effective in luring bugs into the electric net.
The efficiency of specific light colors when used to attract insects was proven in a study from the University of Agriculture in Faisalabad, Pakistan. The 2005 study tested various colors of the light spectrum in a controlled environment, while exposing bugs to the colored bulbs. During the trials, researchers monitored the number of insects flying around the light sources. The results of the study revealed that over 70 percent of the bugs were drawn to the blue bulb. Only 18 percent were enticed by the white bulb, and 10 percent swarmed towards the yellow bulb. Lastly, two percent of the bugs were lured by the red light.
Lamp Applications and LEDs
The type of lamps installed on the location may also influence the level of attraction that nearby bugs are susceptible to, when flying around the area. A study from the American Association for the Advancement of Science highlights the application of different light bulbs and their ability to attract insects. This was the first major study (led by Michael Justice from the University of North Carolina) that directly compared an array of lighting technologies in outdoor residential settings. During the trials, bulb samples were individually installed outdoors with a funnel trap. Scientists then observed and counted the number of insects inside the trap, which contributed to the lamp’s capture rate.
The results of the tests showed that incandescent lights had the highest capture rate, followed by CFLs, halogens and LEDs with high color temperature ratings. LEDs with warm, low color temperature ratings had the lowest capture rate in the batch of samples. This type of light debunked the original hypothesis of the scientists, that conventional yellow “bug” lights would outperform other bulbs in the study (the “bug” lights came in second, next to warm LEDs).
There are several reasons why the specific type of LED bulb performed significantly better than other light sources in the trials. The type of light that the LED emitted was warm and yellowish. This decreased the amount of blue wavelengths in the beam- a color that was earlier established as a highly attractive color for insects.Moreover, LEDs generate very little UV light- another spectrum that bugs are naturally drawn to. The last factor that make LEDs superior in attracting less bugs is heat. As mentioned earlier, insects are enticed by light due to a wide range of factors, with one of them being heat. When it comes to heat, LEDs are known for generating very little amounts during operation. Traditional luminaries tend to generate and waste energy on heat (sometimes up to 80 percent), which is why they did not perform well during the trials.
Installing Lights near Entrances
Lighting systems near doors and entrances can be configured to attract less bugs. From afar, the three most attractive components on a building for insects include odor (from food or sanitation), the physical properties of the establishment (size, color and shape- just to name a few) and exterior fixtures. With focus on the last component, below are some tips to consider when installing luminaries near entrances:
- Avoid installing white light within 50 feet of the building
- Near entry points, yellow fluorescent and warmLEDlights are optimal
- Mount fixtures on the hinged side of the door, in order to prevent outdoor light from entering the home when the door is open
- For intense lighting needs (such as perimeter or security systems), high-pressure sodium fixtures are considered to be least attractive for bugs
- When installing flood lights, it is best practice to place the fixtures as far away from the building as possible (maximum of 50 feet), while shining the light beam on the target area
Alternatively, individuals may also consider tinting windows around the entrance to prevent enticing bugs from outside. This may also prevent swarms of insects from loitering around the door and windows. This is highly effective for buildings that rely on bright, white light inside the facility.
If you want to sell house fast, the best way to go is by using quick sale property auctions. These businesses can offer home owners or property developers the certainty of a speedy sale.
Understanding the process of a quick sale
When you approaching quick sale property auctions, their sales experts will make you a guaranteed offer up to a certain percentage of the market value of your home. You usually do not have to worry about legal fees as they usually take care of estate agency fees and legal fees.
Your property will be valued and the price will be confirmed with the auction’s local agent. The valuation process will be very transparent. Typically the offer can be between 75 to 80 percent of the resale price if you need to sell your property within a week, but if this does not work for you, there are also other options you can consider.
Once you accept the offer, these guys will basically take care of the whole sales process. There will be no headaches or hassles on your part and you can spend your time focusing on other things and forget about potential delays, anxiety, and added costs that you encounter in traditional home selling process.
In short, with quick sale auctions, you will basically have a quick cash sale and will be free to move on with your life. This move can actually save you some money.
The whole process can take between a week or two weeks but of course they can also work based on your timescales.
Why Tap Quick Sales Auctions
If you do not want to deal with months and months of waiting time to complete the sale of your home with a local estate agent, then quick sales auction is the way to go. The 200-day average of the traditional process can be conveniently cut short to as short as 7 days.
Dealing with professionals to sell house fast also means you do not have to deal with timewasters or very intrusive home buyers.
In case you do not have the budget and time to make improvements prior to selling your home, quick sale property auctions purchase properties in any condition.
For those who have rental properties whose tenants are not paying the rent, a quick sale with these agencies can take care of that big headache for you.
The same is true for properties with title issues and short leases.
If you want to do a quick sale because you need quick cash, but you still need to stay in the property for a bit, you can also do that.
Another advantage of quick sale property auctions is that they have a wide network of local and national estate agents that can get things done in no time. This does not mean that certain details will be compromised, but rather it serves as a guarantee that they have tailored solutions to meet your needs as a home seller.
Whether you are looking to pay off a mortgage, quickly relocate in another city or abroad, avoid repossession, or perhaps cope with illness or unemployment, quick sale property auction is your best choice to sell house fast.
Worried about fraud, deception and very high fees? Our quick sale property auctions remove all the headaches in the home-selling process.
The most difficult yet crucial question for homeowners is whether to repair the existing windows or replace them with new ones. Since they do not have enough knowledge and experience about the window types and their benefits, experts recommend to replace windows at once because repairing windows would last for a short time period and require homeowners to spend money again and again. So, in order to avoid this problem, they should get them replaced right away because window replacement is something that is affordable and can work for a significant time period.
The best thing about replacing windows is that homeowners can customize them according to their needs. They can contact a service provider and explain the type, style, design and material of custom windows they want to see. This way, the contractor will be in a better position to offer the right product. Other than that, here are some of the advantages of installing custom windows:
Advantages of Replacing Windows
By installing new types of custom windows, homeowners will be able to enjoy a number of advantages, including lower maintenance cost, ease in cleaning, fewer drafts, effortless operation and energy conservation. Other advantage of replacing windows is tax savings that allows homeowners to cut down some of their expenses along with adding curb appeal to the home. Though, you would have to spend a bit more money than expected because the cost of window replacement varies with the quality of material.
Problems With Window Repair
Most of the homeowners do not prefer to go with repairing windows because they know that repair would work for some time and in the end, they would have to replace the windows. So, in order to keep the cost low, experts also suggest to go with installing custom windows.
Making The Final Decision
Identifying the need to replace old windows is certainly a difficult decision because it involves a lot of factors, the most important being current establishment. If the problem is severe and homeowner cannot handle it, they would have to search for an alternative immediately. Though, if the situation is not that big, they may go with repairing windows but, keeping in mind that they won’t last longer.
The most common aspects to consider while making the decision are:
- Rotting wood: When the wood starts to rot, window installers suggest to replace the windows as soon as possible because rotting is hard to stop.
- Cloud glass: The problem persists with windows that have double glass panes. Repair would not be a good idea for such windows so, get the new, custom windows.
- Sagging casements: Normally, the problem can be solved through repair. People do not have to replace windows and spend money just for this problem!
- Broken hardware: If the custom windows have broken or outdated hardware, repair tends to be a good option to solve deal with the problem.
After reading this article, people would have a lot of questions that need to be answered. To do so, they should log on to http://directpro.ca/and ask whatever questions they have in their mind.